Reference in the English language. 1 and Option 2

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Option number 1
Text 1
Police Brutality
Outside police headquarters in New York City, the protesters show up each day. In the courts, the biggest criminal cases are against cops. And at a City Hall, the law-and-order record of the Mayor appears tarnished.
A combination of brutality charges, federal investigations and public relations problems has thrown the United States' largest police department into its worst crisis in years. Police and the city's minorities seem increasingly at odds, and morale in the department is dropping.
The department's troubles came just two years after it was riding high on news that the city's crime rate was dropping for the first time in 28 years.
What's created the most anger is the case of Amadon Diallo, an unarmed West American immigrant shot to death by police in an apartment lobby. The police, apparently believing Diallo was reaching for a gun, fired 41 bullets at him. He was hit by 19 shots.
Now the four white officers who killed him are on trial. They are accused of murder. The defence says it was a tragic accident, the prosecution accepts that the policemen did not set out that night to kill a black man but says that they made a conscious decision to shoot him once they got out of their car.
In New York's borough of Brooklyn, jury selection will begin on Monday for the trial of three other officers accused of brutalizing a Haitian immigrant. The trial centres on allegations that he was brutalized by the officers in a precinct station.
Federal and state prosecutors launched investigations of the NYPD (New York Police Department). The commission will hold hearings in May on whether the police tactics violate the public rights, especially in minority neighbourhood.

Exercise 1.
A) Write down the text of all plural nouns, translate them into Russian.

B) Give examples of nouns that form the plural in an unconventional way.

Exercise 2.
Translate the following prepositional structure into Russian
1. Outside police headquarters ...
2. ... a combination of brutality charges and federal investigations ...
3. He was hit by 19 shots.
4. Now the officers who killed him are on trial.
5. They are accused of murder.
6. ... especially in minority neighbourhood

Exercise 3.
Remove from the text 1 three affirmative sentences in which the predicate is in the 3rd person singular Present Simple, put the proposal to the Russian language. Put them in a negative and interrogative form.

Exercise 4.
Determine what the -s in the following sentences: noun plural ending or the end faces 3 units. of the verb in the present simple time (Present Simple).
1. The trial centres on allegations.
2. The prosecution accepts that the officers did not set out to kill a black man.
3. The police tactics violate the public rights.

Exercise 5.
Make a note of the text: 1
1. Two sentences with the predicate in the plural Present Simple (simple present time).
2. One sentence in which the predicate is the verb to be in the Past Simple (simple elapsed time).
3. One framed in negative terms Past Simple (simple elapsed time).
4. One proposal that eating two predicates in the Past Continuous (past continuous tense).

Emphasize predicate translate proposals into Russian.

Exercise 6.
In the next sentence a) underline the predicate; b) determine the temporal form; c) translated into Russian, put them in question form.
1. In the courts, the biggest criminal cases are against cops.
2. The protesters show up outside police headquarters each day.
3. They made a conscious decision to shoot him.
4. Jury selection will begin in Brooklyn on Monday.
5. Morale in the department is dropping.
6. Diallo was reaching for a gun.

Exercise 7.

Additional information

Контрольная по английскому языку для студентов аспирантуры. 1 и 2 вариант


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