Modern high-performance computers

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Uploaded: 28.08.2007
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Product description

General requirements for modern computers
Price / performance ratio
Reliability and Resiliency
Compatible software and mobility
Classification of computers by application
Personal computers and workstations
Cluster Architecture
Performance Evaluation of Computer Systems
General remarks
SPECint92, SPECfp92
SPECrate_int92, SPECrate_fp92
The main architectural concepts
The definition of "architecture"
The system architecture teams. Classification processors (CISC and RISC)
Methods of addressing and data types
Addressing method
The types of commands
Teams flow control commands
The types and sizes of operands
Conveyor Organization
What is pipelining
Simple organization of the conveyor and the assessment of its performance
Structural conflicts and ways to minimize them
Conflicts of data, stop the conveyor and implementation mechanism rounds
Reduction of losses in the implementation of the transition teams and minimize conflict management
Problems of realization of precise interrupts in the pipeline
Processing Multicycle operations and mechanisms detours in long conveyors
Pipelining and superscalar processing
Parallelism at instruction execution pipeline capacity planning and deployment cycles technique
Eliminating data dependencies and mechanisms of dynamic scheduling
Hardware forecasting the direction of transitions and reducing losses on the organization of transitions
Simultaneous delivery of multiple commands to execute and dynamic scheduling
Architecture machines with a long instruction word
Troubleshooting and dependencies compiler and deployment cycles
Hardware support largely paralleling
Memory Hierarchy
Organization cache
Principles of organization of the main memory in modern computers
General provisions
Increased bit main memory
Memory with bundle
Using specific properties of dynamic RAM
The virtual memory and memory protection organization
The concept of virtual memory
Memory paging
Segmentation Memory
Modern microprocessors
Processors 80x86 and Pentium architecture
Features SPARC processor architecture of Sun Microsystems
PA-RISC processors Hewlett-Packard Company
Motorola's MC88110 processor
Features of the architecture of MIPS MIPS Technology
Features of DEC Alpha architecture
Features of the architecture of IBM POWER and PowerPC companies Motorola, Apple and IBM
POWER Architecture
Evolution of the POWER architecture in the direction of the PowerPC architecture
Organization of I / O
Systemic and local bus
I / O devices
The main types of I / O devices
Magnetic and magneto-optical disks
Disk Arrays and RAID levels
Devices archiving
Multiprocessing Systems
Classification systems of parallel processing
Multi-processor systems with shared memory
Multiprocessor systems with local memory and multicomputer system
Systems high availability and fault-tolerant systems
Basic definitions
Subsystems external memory high availability
The requirements for high-availability systems
Configurations high-availability systems
Requirements initial installation
Requirements for the system software
High Availability Requirements for Application Software
Requirements for network organization and Communications
"Clustering" as a way to ensure high system availability
The base model VAX / VMS cluster
Criteria for evaluation of clusters Gartner Group
Clusters Alpha / OSF company DEC
UNIX-clusters of IBM
Clusters of AT & T GIS
Clusters of Sequent Computer Systems
System High Availability Hewlett-Packard
Cluster solutions Sun Microsystems
Fault-tolerant solutions


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